India's high poverty rate stems from several complex issues that are deeply rooted in the country's history and structure. The rapid population growth combined with limited job opportunities creates a fierce competition, leaving many without adequate income. Additionally, social inequality and lack of education contribute to the cycle of poverty. Inadequate government infrastructure and corruption also hinder the country's ability to efficiently distribute resources to those in need. Lastly, the rural-urban divide, with many poor people living in rural areas, further compounds the issue.